If the patient experiences bleeding or slight swelling after washing their hair, they can very lightly apply pressure to the affected area using a clean moist cloth or gauze for about five to 10 minutes. The patient should refrain from dabbing the area because this can increase the chances of infection and scabbing. Some scabbing in the beginning is a perfectly natural part of the healing process, but the patient should refrain from picking at the scabs so that they can heal seamlessly and efficiently. Applying light pressure to the graft implants after having a shower will absorb any blood that may appear and decrease the chance of unnecessary swelling.
What is a hair transplant?
A hair transplant is a procedure in which a plastic or dermatological surgeon moves hair to a bald area of the head. The surgeon usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head.
Hair transplants typically occur in a medical office under local anesthesia.
Pattern baldness is responsible for the majority of hair loss. This comes down to genetics. The remaining cases are due to a variety of factors, including:
Are there different types of hair transplants?
There are two types of transplant procedures: slit grafts and micrografts.
Slit grafts contain 4 to 10 hairs per graft. Micrografts contain 1 to 2 hairs per graft, depending on the amount of coverage needed.
Who might benefit from a hair transplant?
Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence. Good candidates for a hair transplant include:
men with male pattern baldness
women with thinning hair
anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury
Hair replacement isn’t a good option for:
women with a widespread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp
people who don’t have enough “donor” hair sites from which to remove hair for transplant
people who form keloid scars (thick, fibrous scars) after injury or surgery
people whose hair loss is due to medication such as chemotherapy
What happens during a hair transplant?
After thoroughly cleaning your scalp, a surgeon uses a small needle to numb an area of your head with local anesthesia.
Two main techniques are used to obtain follicles for transplantation: FUT and FUE.
In follicular unit transplantation (FUT):
The surgeon will use a scalpel to cut out a strip of scalp skin from the back of the head. The incision is typically several inches long.
This is then closed with stitches.
The surgeon next separates the removed portion of scalp into small sections using a magnifying lens and sharp surgical knife. When implanted, these sections will help achieve natural-looking hair growth.
In follicular unit extraction (FUE) the hair follicles are cut out directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of tiny punch incisions.
The surgeon makes tiny holes with a blade or needle in the area of your scalp that’s receiving the hair transplant. They gently place hairs in these holes.
During one treatment session, a surgeon may transplant hundreds or even thousands of hairs.
After, the graft, gauze, or bandages will cover your scalp for a few days.
A hair transplant session can take four hours or more. Your stitches will be removed about 10 days after surgery.
Why hair transplant? Trichotillomania, This is a psychological condition where a person pulls out his/her hair. If excessive hair is lost resulting in bald spots, then you may opt for hair transplant surgery.
Hair transplantation is not a painful procedure, because the area under operation is under local anesthesia, which blocks the nerves responsible that cause sensation in the scalp area.
Before surgery your hair should be washed twice a day, two times well. But be careful not to follow the process of hair spa before surgery. A week before hair transplant you should not take hard drugs or any kind of antibiotics and aspirin But of you are undergoing treatment for a serious illness, this should consult the doctor about the course.
Swelling can affect the eye area, so application of cold compressions would help in reducing the swelling by decreasing the blood flow in that region by constricting the tiny blood vessels present in near the eyes. But you should be careful not to apply too much cold also as it may affect the growth of new hair follicles. Avoid any vigorous physical activity as it can increase the swelling and the healing process. It can also cause bursting of the swellings resulting in blood clots and infections.
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